From Middle East Observatory
French Police Corner Qaida Suspect after Shootings
Mar 21, 2012 - 9:20:41 AM
French police were trying Wednesday to negotiate the surrender of a suspected Islamist militant holed up in a flat after shootings that left seven dead, including three Jewish children.
Officials said Mohammed Merah, a 23-year-old French citizen of Algerian descent who has visited Afghanistan and Pakistan, bragged of being an al-Qaida member and claimed to have acted to avenge the deaths of Palestinian children.
Gunfire erupted as members of the RAID police Special Forces team tried to storm an apartment in a residential district of Toulouse in a pre-dawn raid, and two officers were wounded, Interior Minister Claude Gueant said.
After the clash the two sides settled down into an armed siege, with police initially talking to the suspect through the door. Nine hours after the standoff began, officials evacuated neighbors from the building.
The operation was launched after three attacks in the past nine days in which a scooter-riding killer gunned down seven people, including three Jewish children and three off-duty soldiers, in the Toulouse region.
Gueant said the suspect was thought to be armed with a Kalashnikov assault rifle, a Mini-Uzi 9mm machine pistol and other handguns, but had thrown a .45 pistol used in seven murders in the previous nine days from a window.
"He is currently in a dialogue with a police official and he says -- I do not know if he is telling the truth -- that he will hand himself in later in the day," the minister said, in an interview with the BFM-TV news network.
"The presumed guilty party asked for a means to communicate with police. In exchange for this means of communication, he threw a Colt .45 from the window. He has certainly thrown one weapon out, but he has others," he said.
Later Gueant said the suspect had broken off contact.
"He had for several years been tracked by the DCRI intelligence agency and its agents in Toulouse, but there was never anything to suggest that he was preparing a criminal act," Gueant told reporters.
Gueant said Merah had spoken to officers through the door of his apartment, and declared himself to be a "mujaheedeen" or Islamic warrior, fighting to avenge Palestinian children killed in the conflict with Israel.
"This person has made trips to Afghanistan and Pakistan in the past... and says he belongs to al-Qaida and says he wanted to avenge Palestinian children and to attack the French army," Gueant had told reporters at the scene.
"He has links with people involved in Jihadism and Salafism," he added, referring to two strains of Muslim thought that have influenced al-Qaida.
Merah had previously been arrested on a matter of common law in the southern Afghan city of Kandahar, cradle of the Taliban, a police source said.
The police raid came on the day that the Jewish victims of the attacks were being buried in Jerusalem.
Neighbors leaving the cordoned area said the suspect was on the first storey of the building in the quiet residential area. They said the first shots had rung out around 3:00 a.m. (02:00 GMT).
Paris Grand Mosque Rector Dalil Boubakeur urged France not to stigmatize his community, saying "99.9 percent" of French Muslims were law-abiding citizens and the killings were the work of a tiny "fringe".
If the suspect is proved responsible for the killings, it would bring to an end one of the most intense manhunts in French history and help calm tensions after the series of attacks disrupted the presidential election.
The shootings began on March 11, when a paratrooper of North African origin arranged to meet a man in Toulouse to sell him a scooter which he had advertised online, revealing in the ad his military status.
A message sent from the suspect's brother's IP address was used to set up an appointment to inspect the bike, an appointment at which paratrooper Imad Ibn Ziaten was subsequently killed, a police source said.
Ibn Ziaten, a 30-year-old staff sergeant in the 1st Parachute Logistics Regiment, was shot in the head at close range with the .45 calibre pistol, a method that was to become the suspect's signature.
Four days later three more paratroopers from another regiment were gunned down, two of them fatally, in the same fashion in a street in the nearby garrison town of Montauban.
The dead -- Corporal Abel Chennouf, 25, and Private First Class Mohammed Legouade, 23, both of the 17th Parachute Engineering Regiment -- were French soldiers of North African Arab origin.
Arab soldiers are prized targets for groups like al-Qaida, which regards Muslims who fight for Western armies as traitors.
Then on Monday the shooter, again wearing a motorcycle helmet and riding a scooter, attacked the Ozar Hatorah Jewish School in Toulouse, killing a religious studies teacher, his toddler sons and a seven-year-old girl.
The bodies of Jonathan Sandler, his sons Arieh, 5, and Gabriel, 4, and seven-year-old Miriam Monsonego arrived at Ben Gurion international airport near Tel Aviv shortly before dawn on Wednesday ahead of an Israeli funeral.
Thousands of weeping mourners crowded into the sprawling Givat Shaul cemetery on the western outskirts of Jerusalem for the funerals, including French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe and 50 relatives and family friends.
Sarkozy and his Socialist rival for the presidency Francois Hollande were due to attend a memorial ceremony for the slain soldiers in Montauban later Wednesday, and the president was to visit the wounded police in Toulouse.
Ibn Ziaten was to be buried in Morocco, while his dead comrades were due for burial in France on Wednesday and Thursday.
© Copyright 2012 by Middle East Observatory